Second conditional

Aktualizacja: 17 lut 2019

[English grammar - second conditional // gramatyka angielska - drugi okres warunkowy]

Look at the following sentence from this week's vocabulary lesson:

'If you were a genius, you could find it hard to build relationships with other people and you might have problems with learning practical things.'

This structure is called the 2nd conditional. You use it to talk about the present situation, but in terms of dreaming and speculating, that's why it is unreal. The most important thing to remember here is that IF has to be followed by a past tense (simple or continuous). The second part of the 2nd conditional sentence can include 'would/could/might', depending on the degree of probability or improbability.

Normally you can't say 'I were', but in the 2nd conditional it's not a mistake, it's allowed and quite often used, especially to give advice:

If I were you, I'd take this job. If I were him, I would feel the same.

Look at other examples of 2nd conditional:

What would you do if you saw a ghost? He would be angry if he saw Hanna with her ex-boyfriend.

Make your own sentence, and put it in the comments below! :)

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