Politics in the UK and US

The political system in the UK is, unlike in Poland, not a multi-party one. There are two main parties, the Conservatives (right-wing = conservative) and the Labour (left-wing = socialist) party. The British do not have a president, but the head of the state (= the leader of the country) is the Queen.


In the US in turn, there is no government and the country is ruled (= officially controlled) by the president elected every four years. The US president co-operates closely with the American parliament, the Congress, whose two chambers (= sections) are called the Senate and the House of Representatives. Similarly to the UK, there are two big parties in the United States, so if you are an American citizen (= someone who has the right to live permanently in a particular country), you support either the Democrats or the Republicans. Great Britain also has its own parliament with the House of Lords (the higher chamber) and the lower House of Commons. The main difference is, however, that Poland is a republic, the UK is a monarchy and the USA is a federation.


EXERCISE 1

Decide if the following sentences are true or false.

  1. The UK is a republic.

  2. The US is ruled by a king.

  3. The American Congress consists of two chambers.

  4. Polish citizens can vote for the president.

  5. The head of state in Poland is the president.

  6. In the UK, the Labour party is conservative.


EXERCISE 2

Complete the questions, then answer them.

  1. What are the names of the two c………………………. of the Polish Parliament?

  2. Who is the current head of s…………………….. in Poland?

  3. Which parties do you support: left-w……………………. or right-w…………………………? Why?


KEY

Ex.1

  1. F

  2. F

  3. T

  4. T

  5. T

  6. F


Ex. 2

  1. chambers – the Sejm and the Senat

  2. state

  3. wing

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