[English grammar: wishes about the past // Gramatyka angielska: 'wish' o przeszłości]
In last week's vocabulary lesson, Aunt Lucy began her letter to Kate with:
'I wish you had been at Mark and Anita's wedding.'
We can actually learn a lot from this sentence: we know that Kate wasn't at the wedding and that aunt Lucy regrets it, is not happy about it.
When you regret a past situation, you would like something to have been different from the way it was, you use:
I WISH + person + PAST PERFECT
I wish you had come to see me at hospital last week. (= I was sorry you didn't visit me)
Stan wishes he hadn't argued with his wife. (= he argued with her and now regrets it)
My sister wishes I had helped her with the party. She was very busy. (= I didn't help my sister and she thinks it is a pity I didn't)